Adinandra dumosa Jack

Etymology Genus From Greek, Crowded (Adinos) man (aner), referring to the crowded stamens
Species Shrubby
Family Pentaphylacaceae
Synonyms Adinandra cyrtopoda Miq., Adinandra trichocoryna Korth.
Common Names Tiup-Tiup, Tetiup
Status Native: Common
Form Tree
Native Distribution West Malesia

Diagnostics:

A tree of up to 18m, Adinandra dumosa is the dominant species in the Adinandra belukar forest, the forest type in Kent Ridge. The leaves are very easily identifiable; being folded upwards along the mid-vein, with the entire leaves also pointing upwards along the branch. The leaves also have indistinguishable secondary venation. The new leaves are yellowish to reddish in colour.


Interesting Facts:

Tiup-Tiup is such a common tree in the Adinandra belukar that the forest type is named after it! Its flowers usually does not open at all thus suspected by Corner (1997) to be self-pollinated. The seeds are dispersed by small fruit bats which suck out the pulpy contents of the fruit and disgorge the seeds (Corner, 1997).


One of the many Tiup-Tiup trees in Kent Ridge.

Bark, mostly gaining a rusty color from fungus.

Characteristic upward pointing leaves.

The white flower is almost always unopen.

Flower (right) and fruit (left).


References

Corner EJH. (1997) Wayside Trees of Malaya. Volume 2. 4th edition. The Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur. 297 pp.


Author: Jake
Posted Date: 2017-11-25 / Modified Date: 2017-11-25