||A point (Ardis); referring to the pointed anthers
|| Elliptic; referring to the shape of the leaves
||Ardisia littoralis Andrews, Ardisia squamulosa C. Presl, Ardisia umbellata Roxb.
||Mata Ayam, Seashore Ardisia, Shoebutton Ardisia
||Small tree or shrub
||India to southeast China, Indochina, and Malesia
Ardisia elliptica is a small bushy tree sometimes pruned as a shrub. It is recognisable from its fleshy thick leaves which are oppositely arranged, reddish petiole, and inconspicuious veins. The ends of the twigs are swollen. It flowers and fruits very often and gregariously, hence making it an attractive ornamental plant.
Mata Ayam can also be found naturally in Singapore, near the coast in sandy and muddy subsrate. Because of its ability to survive well under shade and effective seed dispersal by birds, it has turned invasive in countries (Hawaii, Florida, Cook Islands, etc.) where it was introduced (PIER, 1999).
Form of Mata Ayam.
Leaves are thick with inconspicuous veins.
The ends of twigs have a swollen base.
Flowers are pinkish.
ReferencesPIER (1999) Ardisia elliptica. Pacific Island Ecosystem at Risk (PIER), Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. http://www.hear.org/pier. Accessed on 9-Mar-2013.
Posted Date: 2013-11-16 / Modified Date: 2015-01-11