Dalbergia oliveri Prain

Etymology Genus
After the brothers Nicholas and Carl Gustav Dahlberg, who are Swedish botanists
Species After Daniel Oliver, an English botanist
Synonyms Dalbergia laccifera Laness., Dalbergia prazeri Prain
Common Names Tamalan
Status Exotic: Cultivated Only
Form Tree
Native Distribution Indochina

Diagnostic: Dalbergia oliveri is quite commonly found cultivated in parks and within housing estates. It is quite easy to identify from its graceful foliage: an open crown with droopy and feathery compound leaves.

Interesting Facts: On closer inspection, the leaflets are small (about 2 cm), oval and alternately arranged. The flower buds are purple, turning pink and then white when they bloom (Wee, 2003).

While common as a cultivated tree, the Tamalan listed as endangered by the IUCN red list because of over-explotiation for its wood in its native habitat (IUCN, 1998). The timber is known in the industry as the Burmese Rosewood.

Dalbergia oliver, Tamalan Tree, Form
The Tamalan, showing its distinct droopy foilage.
 
Dalbergia oliver, Tamalan Tree, Leaves  
The leaves consists of many tiny leaflets.    
 
Dalbergia oliver, Tamalan Tree, Flowers   Dalbergia oliver, Tamalan Tree, Fruits
Flower buds are in purple, while those in white have bloomed.   Fruit pods are flat and normally single-seeded.

References

Wee YC. (2003) Tropical Trees and Shrubs: A Selection for Urban Planting. Sun Tree Publishing, USA. 392 pp.

Nghia NH. (1998) Dalbergia oliveri. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/32306/0. Accessed on 10-Mar-2013.

 

Posted on 10-Mar-2013 / Last Updated on 16-Jan-2015

Family: Fabaceae