||After Pedanios Dioscorides, a Greek pharmacologist
|| From Zanzibar islands
||Dioscorea macroura Harms, Dioscorea maciba Jum. & H.Perrier
A sun-loving climber commonly found along forest edges. The leaves have a unique bat-like shape, and comes with depressed venation and extended drip trips. Brown bulbils sometimes formed as a pair at the leaf axils (resembling a pair of testicles).
This poisonous African yam was first introduced for experimental purposes in the Singapore Botanic Gardens (Holttum, 1964), but has escaped cultivation since. It doesn't flower and fruit but spread efficiently asexually. Each bulbil formed at the leaf axils is capable of forming into a new individual if it falls onto the ground. Underground tubers can also continue to propagate even if the surface parts are destroyed. Its aggressive growth is capable of smothering trees when it climbs over and covers their canopy.
A tree stump, probably smothered by the Zanzibar Yam
Variations of the leaf.
Swollen bulbils at the leaf axils.
ReferencesHolttum RE. (1964) Plant Life in Malaya. Longmans, Green and Co, London. 254 pp.
Posted: 2013-01-28 / Modified: 2015-01-16