|| Bent or hooked; referring to the flowering spikes
||Artanthe adunca (L.) Miq., Piper aduncifolium Trel.
||Bamboo Piper, Matico, Spiked Pepper
||Shurb or small tree
A short shrub to tree of about 6m, Piper aduncum is a very recognisable species from many aspects. Its stem is bamboo-like. The branches have a zig-zag pattern. The leaves are very thin, with an off-white underside, and an unusual cordate leaf base. Lastly, the flowering spikes are long, slender and bending.
The Bamboo Piper can be found in disturbed secondary forests here. It is considered as a high risk invasive weed according to PIER (2011) because of its fast growth, establishing quickly into dense thicklets preventing native species from growing; as well as its effective dispersal by birds.
It was said that Indian tribes in the Amazon use its leaves as an antiseptic wound to stop bleeding, prevent infections and to speed healing (Taylor, 2006). The leaves are either "crushed or powdered and sprinkled directly onto the cut, wound, ulcer, and/or boil, or a tea (infusion) is made from the leaves and used as a wash".
A forest of Bamboo Piper in Tengah.
Off-white underside of the leaf.
Stipule; note the uneven cordate base of the leaf.
Bamboo like stem
Curved flowering spike
ReferencesPIER (2011) Piper aduncum. Pacific Island Ecosystem at Risk (PIER), Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. http://www.hear.org. Accessed on 25-Nov-2017.
Taylor L. (2006) Technical Data Report for Matico, Tropical Plant Database. http://www.rain-tree.com. Accessed on 25-Nov-2017.
Posted Date: 2017-11-26 / Modified Date: 2017-11-26