Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.

Etymology Genus
Spathe-shaped; referring to the calyx
Species Bell-shaped; referring to the flower
Synonyms Bignonia tulipifera Schum., Spathodea tulipifera (Schum.) G.Don
Common Names African Tulip
Status Exotic: Naturalised
Form Tree
Native Distribution Tropical west Africa

Diagnostic: Spathodea campanulata is a common tree found in our secondary forests. The tree has straggly branches, pinnate leaves, and with a pair of rounded stipules at the leaf base. It flowers frequently, and the red flowers makes they easily identifiable.

Interesting Facts: The African Tulip was one of our early pioneers of cultivated greenery. It was introduced to Singapore in 1910 from Europe (Rao & Wee, 1989). However, it's straggly form and branches being proned to snapping makes it fall out of favour eventually. By then, it has already naturalised itself in secondary forests.

 
  Compound leaf.
   
 
A lone tree in Queenstown.   Leaflets; note there that is a paired of swollen glands at the tip.
 
 
Paired round stipules. Inflorescences from a distance.
   
Inflorescences closed up.   Upward pointing fruit pods.

References

Rao AN & WC Wee (1989) Singapore Trees. Singapore Institute of Biology, Singapore. 357 pp.

 
Posted on 12-Apr-2015 / Last Updated on 12-Apr-2015
Family: Bignoniaceae