Tinospora crispa (L.) Hook. f. & Thomson

Etymology Genus Unknown
Species Wavy margins
Family Menispermaceae
Synonyms Tinospora gibbericaulis Hand.-Mazz., Tinospora mastersii Diels
Common Names Petawali
Status Exotic: Casual
Form Woody Climber
Native Distribution Sri Lanka and India to Indochina, South China, Thailand, Malaysia, Java & Phillippines

Diagnostics:

A woody climber, it is most distinctive from the stems covered in small knobs. The leaves are heart-shaped.


Interesting Facts:

The stem of Petawali or its powder is commonly sold in Chinese medical shops in Malaysia or Singapore (Samy et al., 2014). The decoction is taken to "treat stomachache, fever, gonorrhoea and worms". The stem and root extracts are also used for malaria, abscesses and high blood pressure treatment.


A tree in Kent Ridge Park covered by the Petawali.

A close-up showing the heart-shaped leaves.

The very characteristic stem with little knobs.

Seller marketing Tinospora stems outside a Chinese temple.


References

Samy J, M Sugumaran & KLW Lee. (2014) 100 Useful Herbs of Malaysia and Singapore. Marshall Cavendish Edition, Singapore. 247 pp.


Author: Jake
Posted Date: 2017-11-03 / Modified Date: 2017-11-03