Paederia foetida L.

Etymology Genus Stench; referring to the foetid odour
Species Foetid
Family Rubiaceae
Synonyms Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr., Paederia tomentosa Blume
Common Names Stink Vine, Skunk Vine
Status Native: Common
Form Climber
Native Distribution China down to Indonesia

Diagnostics:

Paederia foetida is a very common climber in urban areas or scrublands. It climbs using its twining stems. It is easy to recognise vegetatively from its opposite leaves which are normally lanceolate, and whitish on the underside. Small white hairs cover the entire plant, making them smooth to touch. The leaves gives off a foetid scent when crushed.

The flowers are diagnostic by themselves, with curly white petals and a red interior.


Interesting Facts:

The foul smelling odour from the Stink Vine is due to the presence of the relatively high sulphur-containing voliate oils (Wong & Tan, 1994).


The climbing habit of the Stink Vine .

Leaves front, and back (note the lighter colour).

Leaves may be smaller and lighter green.

Stipules. Note the white hairs on the stem and petioles.

Inflorescence.

Developing fruits.


References

Wong KC & GL Tan. (1994) Steam volatile constituents of the aerial parts of Paederia foetida L. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 9: 25-28.


Posted Date: 2014-07-19 / Modified Date: 2015-01-11