Urban Forest is a non-profit website founded in 2012. The aim is to create an online interactive platform where people in Singapore and the region can have an accessible guide that is fast and simple to navigate, with clear, interesting, and concise content as well as photos so that learning about plant identification will be a breeze.

All the species featured here can be found in Singapore, whether they are cultivated, native, weedy, or in the urban, forest, coast or marine habitat. Many of the species here can be found in Southeast Asia, and some even throughout the tropics. Hope everyone will enjoy this website as much as I enjoyed creating it!

Jake Teo

Jake is a biology graduate, and worked previously as a nature educator, researcher in the Botany Lab, and had a memorable stint in NParks. He is now a weekday data scientist and a weekend naturalist, hoping to marry both technology and botany to contribute back to his roots. He believes that the first step to conservation is to enable people to identify the nature around them in order to build a connection.

Louise Neo

Louise is currently pursuing a PhD in Botany at a University in the west of Singapore. Prior to going back to school, she had built up her knowledge of the local flora through hours spent in the forests and scrublands of Singapore, and also while looking for weeds and wildflowers. She believes that websites such as Urban Forest are a great help in creating more awareness about the rich flora diversity of the tropics, even in urban environments.

You may email us from this address, sgplantid@gmail.com. Please state the purpose in the title so that we can prioritise your request.


All information, including photographs and content provided in this website are under the copyright of the team managing uforest.org unless otherwise stated. Any use of photographs are prohibited without prior permission from us. Also, you will need to provide a hyperlink to or cite this website for use in any reports, presentations, or publications. You may follow the guide below and change it based on your citation format.

To cite the entire website:

Teo S & Neo L (2017) Urban Forest: Flora of Singapore and Southeast Asia. https://uforest.org. Accessed 11 Sep 2012.

To cite a page in the website:

Author. (2017) Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr. Urban Forest: Flora of Singapore and Southeast Asia. https://uforest.org/Species/A/Albizia_saman.php. Last updated 6 Nov 2012. Accessed 6 Nov 2012.


A lot of the species descriptions consist of purported medicinal properties. Please note these are directly obtained from the references listed. This means that they are just for your information, and definitely not a recommendation for your aliments. Please seek proper medical advice before you attempt using any plant parts for such purpose.

While we took great care to provide accurate information, we cannot guarantee that all the information are 100% correct. If you think you spot an error, please email or drop a message in the Facebook Page to me and we will be more than happy to look into the matter.

Many references were used and cited specifically within each species page. However, there were several others that were used consistently and extensively which merit special mention.

  1. Dave's Garden Botanical Dictionary
  2. The Plant List
  3. Total Vascular Flora of Singapore
  4. Germplasm Resources Information Network

Tremendous amount of time and money was spent building Urban Forest. Imagine developing and continually enhancing the website on your own, organising field trips, paying for webhosting and domain, buying camera equipment and flora reference guides, researching, writing, and editing posts and photographs! Therefore, do consider giving a small donation if you feel like you have benefited from it. All proceeds will be used for site maintanence, research and field-trips to add to the quality of the website. Email on how to do it!