Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Etymology Genus From Greek, (artos) bread and (carpus) fruit, referring to the iconic Breadfruit Tree
Species Different leaves, referring to the two forms between the sapling and adult leaves
Family Moraceae
Synonyms Artocarpus brasiliensis Ortega, Artocarpus maximus Blanco
Common Names Jackfruit
Status Exotic: Casual
Form Tree
Native Distribution India


A tree growing up to 15m, Artocarpus heterophyllus is commonly cultivated for its edible fruits and also a common remnant species in our abandoned plantations, It can be identified from its dark shiny green and hairless leaves. The diagnostic fruits are large and bore on the trunks or main branches (Corner, 1997).

Interesting Facts:

The Jackfruit is said to be the national fruits of both Bangladesh and Sri Lanka (Lim et al., 2013).

Jackfruit cultivated in a HDB estate.


Dark green and shiny leaves with prominent lighter young leaves.

Leaves underside.

Interstipular scar.

Developing fruits.


Corner EJH. (1997) Wayside Trees of Malaya. Volume 2. 4th edition. The Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur. 297 pp.
Lim RCJ, Tan HH & Tan HTW (2013) Official Biological Emblems of the World. Raffles Museum Of Biodiversity Research, National University Singapore, Singapore. 231 pp.

Author: Jake
Posted: 2018-04-19