Cassia fistula L.

Etymology Genus From the name Kasia, named by an ancient Greek botanist, Pedanius Dioscorides
Species Tube-like, in reference to its fruits
Family Fabaceae
Synonyms -
Common Names Golden Shower
Status Exotic: Casual
Form Tree
Native Distribution Tropical Asia, including India, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar


The foliage is rather sparse and has a mild droopy habit. The paripinnate leaves are the most distinctive. The leaflets are ovate, large and oppositely arranged.

Interesting Facts:

Cassia fistula has an open crown, and deciduous. Not something of a favourite for a shade tree but it is magnificent for its flowering. True to its common name, the tree produces a shower of golden-yellow flowers that hangs downs from the branches. The fruits are cylindrical and extremely elongated and turn brown when ripe, but do not split. The insides of the fruit contain a brown sticky pulp that is a known remedy for constipation (Rao & Wee, 1989).

Form of the tree. Note the fruits hanging down.

The flowers come in a shower of gold.

Elongated fruits suspended from the tree.

Pinnate leaves. Each leaflet is large and probably largest of the cassia here.

A smashed fruit, revealing the seeds covered with brown sticky pulp.


Rao, AN & WC Wee (1989) Singapore Trees. Singapore Institute of Biology, Singapore. 357 pp.

Author: Jake
Posted: 2012-10-06 / Modified: 2015-01-11