Euphorbia hirta L.

Etymology Genus After Euphorbus, a Greek physician to the King of Mauritana
Species Hairy
Family Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp
Common Names Hairy Spurge, Asthma Plant
Status Exotic: Naturalised
Form Herb
Native Distribution Tropical America


Euphorbia hirta is a very common prostrate herb in lawns and scrublands. The oppositely arranged leaves are somehwhat rhomboid and serrated. Between each pair of leaves is a dense cluster of tiny flowers and fruits.

Interesting Facts:

The Hairy Spurge has numerous pharmacological properties, including anti-asthmatic, anti-oxidant, anti-malarial, and anti-bacterial properties (Kumar et al., 2010).

The Hairy Spurge, a ommon weed of lawns.

Each pair of leaves has a cluster of flowers and fruits.

The leaf is serrated and somewhat rhomboid.

Flower and fruit clusters.


Kumar S, R Malhotra & D Kumar. (2010) Euphorbia hirta: Its chemistry, traditional and medicinal uses, and pharmacological activities. Pharmacognsy Review, 4: 58-61.

Author: Jake
Posted: 2013-06-21 / Modified: 2017-12-25