Ixora congesta Roxb.

Etymology Genus After the name of a Malabar deity, Iswara
Species Congested; referring to the dense flower cluster
Family Rubiaceae
Synonyms Ixora griffithii Hook., Pavetta congesta (Roxb.) Miq.
Common Names Malayan Ixora, Jarum-jarum, Khem Deang
Status Native: Common
Form Shrub
Native Distribution Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia


A shrub to small tree to about 6m, Ixora congesta is found in inland forests or near rocky coasts. It is most easily identified from its conspicuous bright orange inflorescence, which are borne on red branches.

Interesting Facts:

Corner (1997) described this as the most conspicuous of our wild Ixoras, with the flowers produced seasonally, unlike other cultivated forms of Ixora species.

A small shrub at Sentosa rocky cliff.




Corner EJH. (1997) Wayside Trees of Malaya. Volume 2. 4th edition. The Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur. 297 pp.

Author: Jake
Posted: 2018-12-07