Momordica charantia L.

Etymology Genus To bite, reference to the seeds which look like they are bitten
Species unknown
Family Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms -
Common Names Bitter Gourd, Bitter Lemon, 苦瓜
Status Exotic: Casual
Form Climber
Native Distribution Africa, Tropical Asia, Australia, Pacific Islands


Momordica charantia is a herbaceous climber cultivated for its edible fruits. Its leaves are very deeply lobed and have tendrils opposite to them like those in the same family. The yellow flowers are separate in sexes. Most distinct are the elongated fruits that are warty in appearance (or with longitudinal ridges), with the size and warts differing with the cultivars.

Interesting Facts:


Cultivated Bitter Gourd in a garden, Punggol Park (2020).

Deeply lobed leaf.





Author: Jake
Posted: 2020-04-20 / Modified: 2020-05-30