Mussaenda glabra Vahl

Etymology Genus Singhalese vernacular name for Mussaenda frondosa
Species Smooth, without hair
Family Rubiaceae
Synonyms Mussaenda andersonii S.K.Basu & T.K.Paul, Mussaenda frondosa var. glabra (Vahl) Miq., Mussaenda pena
Common Names Hairless Mussaenda, Adap-Adap, Balik Adap
Status Native: Endangered
Form Shrub
Native Distribution Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore


Mussaenda glabra is an understorey forest shrub up to 1m. The hairless leaves are thin, with occasional red veins and petiole, with a pointed drip-tip. The red or yellow inflorescence are guarded by 1 or 2 white bracts.

Interesting Facts:

The whole plant of the Hairless Mussaenda is finely pasted and traditionally used as an ointment as an anti-coagulant and pain-relief in Tripura, Northeast India (Pandey & Mavinkurve, 2014).

A Hairless Mussaenda in Central Catchment Reserve (2013)

Leaf upperside.

Leaf underside.

Flowers, with white bracts.


Pandey A, Mavinkurve RG (2014) Ethno-Botanical usage of Plants by the Chakma Community of Tripura, Northeast India. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences, 3(6): 11-14.

Author: Jake
Posted: 2018-12-17