Oncosperma horridum (Griff.) Scheff.

Etymology Genus Swollen seed
Species Prickly
Family Arecaceae
Synonyms Areca horrida Griff.
Common Names Mountain Nibong Palm
Status Native: Vulnerable
Form Clustered or solitary palm
Native Distribution Thailand, Borneo, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines


Oncosperma horridum is a solitary or clustering palm found in our inland nature reserves. It has straight upright stems growing over 20m tall and is covered with long, downward pointing prickles.

The only other similar species is the Nibong, Oncosperma tigillarium. However this congenor is found near water bodies, always clustering, have thinner stems and very droopy leaflets.

Interesting Facts:

The Mountain Nibong Palm is found from lowland rainforests to up to 1,000m (Henderson, 2009).

Form of the Mountain Nibong Palm.

Its form can be a solitary or clustered palm.

The stems are densely covered with long, sharp prickles.

The leaf shealth.



Henderson A. (2009) Palms of Southern Asia. Princeton University Press. 199 pp.

Author: Jake
Posted: 2013-06-30 / Modified: 2017-12-25