Paspalum longifolium Roxb.

Etymology Genus Greek name for Millet Grasses
Species Having long leaves
Family Poaceae
Synonyms Paspalum flexuosum Klein ex J.Presl, Paspalum houttuynii H.C.Hall ex de Vriese
Common Names Long Leafed Paspalum
Status Native: Common
Form Herb
Native Distribution East Asia, Indian subcontinent, Indochina, Malesia, and Northern Australia


Paspalum longifolium is most easily distinguished by its inflorescence, which have branched into alternating rows bearing purplish spikelets. The junction of each spike with the inflorescence stalk have prominent erect hairs. Vegetatively, the leaves are long, erect, and folded at the mid-vein. The side of the leaf shealth is lined by a margin of white hairs.

Interesting Facts:

Gilliland (1971) stated that the Long Leafed Paspalum is often found at wet areas, though those I have seen are on pretty much dry land.

Form of the Long Leafed Paspalum in a scrubland.

The inflorescence, with alternating rows.

Side view of raceme (above); Bottom view showing 4 rows of spikelets (below)

White hairs at the junction of raceme and inflorescence stalk.

A dense turf of white hairs at the leaf shealth.

Leaves are erect, long, and folded the mid-vein.


Gilliland HB. (1971) A Revised Flora of Malaya. Volume III: Grasses of Malaya. Government Printing Office, Singapore. 319 pp.

Author: Jake
Posted: 2013-05-24 / Modified: 2017-12-25