Xylocarpus granatum J. Koenig

Etymology Genus Woody fruit
Species Many seeds
Family Meliaceae
Synonyms -
Common Names Mangrove Cannonball, Nyireh Bunga
Status Native: Common
Form Tree
Native Distribution Throughout all Old World mangroves, and rare in Australia


Xylocarpus granatum is a mangrove tree up to 20m that occur near the landward side of mangroves. It is most distinct for its flaking bark, as well as its oppositely arranged leaflets that are oval or rounded.

Interesting Facts:

From Giesen et al. (2006), the timber is used for high-grade furniture and cabinet works. Oil from the seed is used as lamp oil and hair grooming. Some traditional purposes include treatment of cholera (bark) and diarrhoea (seed and fruit).

Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve (2020).


Flaking bark.

"Cannonball" fruit.


Giesen W, Wulffraat S, Zieren M &  Scholten L (2006) Mangrove guidebook for Southeast Asia. RAP Publication 2006/07. FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific and Wetlands International. Bangkok. 769 pp.

Author: Jake
Posted: 2020-04-05 / Modified: 2020-04-07